Project Based Learning 有乜好?

New Gallup Survey 話你知:https://www.pblworks.org/…/new-gallup-survey-shows-support-…

調查結果顯示,老師和家長都認為從Project Based Learning得到的學習成果比標準化的考試成績更有價值。當他們被問到認為最重要的學習成果時,頭三位分別是:

  1. “learning to think critically” (chosen by 64% of parents and teachers)
  2. “problem-solving skills” (chosen by 51% of teachers; not asked of parents)
  3. “developing students’ curiosity to learn beyond the classroom” (chosen by 36% of parents and 41% of teachers)

同樣重要的還有“how to collaborate with others,” “self-discipline,” “having learning experiences that are personally meaningful,” and “building self-confidence.”

而以上的學習成果,都可以透過Project Based Learning達到。

同樣地,這些學習成果正正也是LBD所著重的。在過往LBD第一階段的三年試驗中,我們也曾進行校內老師、家長和學生的問卷調查,其中喜愛上LBD課堂、學到解難和協作,自信心和表達能力的提高所佔比例甚高。我們在本地主流小學推展LBD,也是抱持著「學會思考、學會學習,比考試和分數更重要」的信念,在眾多教育高牆與迷思中,嘗試鬆動制度下的一塊小小磚頭。

此外,研究更指出學生希望自己的學習是與實際生活有所連繫,與真實世界息息相關,同時希望能有更多空間和機會,可以與班級內外的同學/老師分享自己的學習成果:

//Two other activities a majority of students would like to spend more time on to help them see how what they are learning relates to real-life problems outside the classroom are 1) working on projects that can be used in the real world, and 2) publishing or sharing projects with people outside their class or school.//

而另一個與老師相關的研究結果顯示,老師們在嘗試新事物時,需要一個支持、協作的環境、培訓和自主性:

//Teachers are more likely to focus on creativity if they feel that school leaders and parents support their efforts.//

LBD一直談的、努力鼓勵做到的減負、釋放空間,不僅指的是學生,也是老師的空間,老師的全人發展。要擁抱新思維、新方法,學校首先需要思考:我們還可以減什麼?